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« 非正規労働者よりも権利のない非正規官吏という奇怪 | トップページ | これはまたなんとも古典的なマルクス主義 »

2018年11月14日 (水)

Japan’s Employment System and Formation of the “Abuse of the Right to Dismiss” Theory

JILPTの英文ページに、「Japan’s Employment System and Formation of the “Abuse of the Right to Dismiss” Theory」を寄稿しました。

https://www.jil.go.jp/english/researcheye/bn/RE024.html

と言っても、中身は先日発行された『Japan Labor Issues』11月号に掲載したものと同じです。

PDFファイルではなく、ホームページ上にベタで英文が書かれている点が違うだけですが、こちらの方が読みやすいと思われる方は、こちらでお読みください。

なお、英文なんかめんどくさい、日本語で読ませろ、という方はこちらをどうぞ。

https://www.jil.go.jp/researcheye/bn/024_171215.html

In Japanese labor studies, it is common to think of long-term employment practice as a major characteristic of Japan’s employment system and to position the “abuse of the right to dismiss” theory (Kaiko-ken ranyō hōri)[Note 1] as part of the legal framework supporting it. This perception is not necessarily mistaken, but viewing it too simplistically is not appropriate for the following reasons.

First, regarding constraints on dismissal as the most prominent feature of Japan’s employment system, is not a very appropriate or effective means of comparing laws of Japan with those of developed Western countries other than the United States. In terms of comparative law, only the United States is an outlier in that it continues to uphold companies’ freedom to dismiss employees at will. In other Western countries, legislation requiring just cause for dismissal has been developing, albeit with varying  degrees.

Second, from this standpoint, we can say that what distinguishes Japan is that restrictions on dismissal have been developed exclusively in courts through an accumulation of judicial precedents, without going through legislation, whereas they have developed through legislation in Western countries.

In other words, viewing the abuse of the right to dismiss theory and Japan’s employment system as virtually synonymous is incorrect in that it treats American freedom to dismiss employees, which is the exception rather than the rule, as a universal international standard. Furthermore, it is considered to run the risk of giving a false impression that the transformation of Japan’s employment system might inevitably cause the loosening of dismissal regulations. This article seeks to clarify the relationship between Japan’s employment system and the abuse of the right to dismiss theory through historical analysis of the process by which the theory was formed.

« 非正規労働者よりも権利のない非正規官吏という奇怪 | トップページ | これはまたなんとも古典的なマルクス主義 »

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« 非正規労働者よりも権利のない非正規官吏という奇怪 | トップページ | これはまたなんとも古典的なマルクス主義 »