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« 経済同友会雇用・労働市場委員会にて | トップページ | OECD『成人スキルの国際比較』 »

2013年10月 9日 (水)

OECDの『技能アウトルック』が「成人力」ですか

Skills既に本ブログでも予告していたOECDの初の『技能アウトルック』2013年版が公表されましたが、

http://skills.oecd.org/skillsoutlook.html

This first OECD Skills Outlook presents the initial results of the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC), which evaluates the skills of adults in 24 countries. It provides insights into the availability of some of the key skills and how they are used at work and at home. A major component is the direct assessment of key information-processing skills: literacy, numeracy and problem solving in the context of technology-rich environments.

技能概念のない日本のマスコミはこれを「成人力」などと報道しているようですね。

この報道の偏りぶりから、日本の「空気」のガラパゴスぶりがよくわかります。

この本は全文が無料でダウンロード可能ですので、関心のある皆様は是非。

http://skills.oecd.org/OECD_Skills_Outlook_2013.pdf

内容は以下の通りです。

Chapter 1. The Skills Needed for the 21st Century

This chapter introduces the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC). It gives a brief overview of how and why the demand for skills has been changing over the past decades. It discusses the advent and widespread adoption of information and communication technologies. The chapter describes how the survey – the first international survey to directly measure skills in literacy, numeracy and problem solving in technology-rich environments – can assist policy makers.

Chapter 2.Proficiency in Key Information-Processing Skills among Working-Age Adults

This chapter reveals the level and distribution of proficiency in key information-processing skills among adults in the countries that participated in the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC). Results are presented separately for literacy, numeracy and problem solving in technology-rich environments. To help readers interpret the findings, the results are linked to descriptions of what adults with particular scores can do.

Chapter 3.The Socio-Demographic Distribution of Key Information-Processing Skills

This chapter examines how proficiency in literacy, numeracy and problem solving in technology-rich environments is distributed among individuals according to various socio-demographic characteristics. These include socio-economic background, educational attainment, immigrant and/or foreign-language background, age, gender and type of occupation.

Chapter 4.How Skills Are Used in the Workplace

This chapter discusses how information-processing and generic skills are used in the workplace. It also reveals the extent of “mismatch” between the qualifications held by workers or their skills proficiency and the qualifications or skills required in their jobs. Qualification and skills mismatch are compared, and their effect on wages and the use of skills at work is assessed.

Chapter 5.Developing and Maintaining Key Information-Processing Skills

This chapter examines the processes and practices that help to develop and maintain skills – and the factors that can lead to a loss of skills. It discusses how age, educational attainment, participation in adult learning activities and engagement in skills-related activities outside of work affect skills proficiency.

Chapter 6.Key Skills and Economic and Social Well-Being

This chapter details how proficiency in literacy, numeracy and problem solving skills is positively associated with other aspects of well-being. These include labour-market participation, employment, earnings, health, participation in associative or volunteer activities, and the belief that an individual can have an impact on the political process.

そもそも、文部科学省が『成人力』って言っているのか・・・。

アダルト・スキルを成人力と訳したのは誰だ。

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Adultを成人と訳すとは成人向けコンテンツの見過ぎでしょうね

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