Maintain as many people as possible in jobs, with temporary adjustment of working hours combined with retraining and supported by public funding (including from the European Social Fund).
Encourage entrepreneurship and job creation, e.g. by lowering non-wage labour costs and flexicurity;
Improve the efficiency of national employment services by providing intensive counselling, training and job search in the first weeks of unemployment, especially for the young unemployed.
Increase significantly the number of high quality apprenticeships and traineeships by the end of 2009.
Promote more inclusive labour markets by ensuring work incentives, effective active labour market policies and modernisation of social protection systems that also lead to a better integration of disadvantaged groups including the disabled, the low-skilled and migrants.
Upgrade skills at all levels with lifelong learning, in particular giving all school leavers the necessary skills to find a job.
Use labour mobility to match supply and demand of labour to best effect.
Identify job opportunities and skills requirements, and improve skills forecasting to get the training offer right.
Assist the unemployed and young people in starting their own business, e.g. by providing business support training and starting capital, or by lowering or eliminating taxation on start-ups.
Anticipate and manage restructuring through mutual learning and exchange of good practice.